The Most Admired Men and Women in America

President George W. Bush led The Gallup Organization’s annual survey of the “most admired man” for the second year in a row, but there is no consensus among Americans for the “most admired woman.” The percentage of Americans who name Bush the most admired man has dropped since last year, but he still gets one of the highest vote totals for any man on this measure in Gallup’s polling history. New York Senator Hillary Clinton, talk show host Oprah Winfrey, and First Lady Laura Bush are at the top of the list of the most admired women this year, but are not substantially ahead of other women on the list.

The December 2002 CNN/
USA Today/Gallup poll asked Americans to name the man and woman living in any part of the world today whom they most admire, a question Gallup has asked the public at the end of the year for over half a century. Here are their answers:


2002’s Ten Most Admired Men
1. George W. Bush
2. Jimmy Carter
3. Colin Powell
4. Pope John Paul II
5. Bill Clinton
6. (Rev) Billy Graham
7. Nelson Mandela
8. Al Gore
9. Ronald Reagan
10. Denzel Washington


2002’s Ten Most Admired Women
1. Hillary Clinton
2. Oprah Winfrey
3. Laura Bush
4. Barbara Bush
5. Margaret Thatcher
6. Jennifer Lopez
7. Elizabeth Dole
8. Condoleeza Rice
9. Maya Angelou
10. Madeleine Albright

Since Gallup first began asking the “most admired” question in 1948, Reverend Billy Graham and England’s Queen Elizabeth II have appeared on the list more often than any other people. J. Lo’s got another 54 years to go.

Source: The Gallup Organization.


Good News: Bad News

According to Andrew Backover of USA Today, we’ll be looking at higher long-distance phone bills this year. Seems the phone companies were the losers in last year’s price wars. Add that to the
erosion of their core business by e-mail and cell phones,
and we’ll have more new
fees and rate increases in 2003.

MCI has upped monthly fees on two key programs by $2 a month and plans to charge $2.50 to have long-distance charges appear on local bills. AT&T plans a monthly fee increase of $1 on its 7-cents-a-minute plan and is charging $1.95 monthly to connect a number of long-distance callers, depending upon the state they’re calling from. As competition ebbs, seems everybody’s doin’ it.

The good news? Many networking telecommunication companies are immune from what the big guys are doing, so their prices will become even more competitive. And lots of networkers can take advantage of their companies’ exclusive arrangements with re-sellers and flat-rate programs.


Fishy Facts

You may have read that eating fish several times each week offers real cardiovascular benefits; a recent study of 43,000 health professionals reveals we don’t have to do it that often. In fact, the research funded by the National Institutes of Health showed that eating a small amount of seafood was just as effective.

“Men who ate about three to five ounces of fish one to three times a month were 43 percent less likely to have a stroke during 12 years of follow-up. Men who ate fish more often did not reduce their risk any further, suggesting that a small amount works just as well as a larger one,” said co-author Dr. Ka He of Harvard’s School of Public Health.

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in most fish, have been shown to lower levels of blood fats linked to cardiovascular disease and to help keep blood from clotting.

A study in the Journal of the American Medical Association last year found that women who ate about four ounces of fish two to four times a week cut their stroke risk by 48 percent. The study found lower risk reductions in women who ate fish once a week or less. No women were studied in this most recent research.


Networking Times Website of the Month

“Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information upon it.”

— Samuel Johnson

That quote explains the mission of, the most comprehensive place to find information on the web. You’ve probably heard the old line, “You can’t get there from here.” Well you can get anywhere from—and many are places you never knew existed.

“The Internet,” writes founder and Refdesk Webmaster, Bob Drudge (father of Matt Drudge of The Drudge Report fame), “is the world’s largest library, containing millions of books, artifacts, images, documents, maps, etc. There is but one small problem in this library: everything is scattered about on the floor, with growing hordes of confused and bewildered users frantically shifting through the maze, occasionally crying out, ‘Great Scott, look at what I just found!’”

That’s the problem Refdesk solves. Refdesk has three stated goals: fast access; intuitive, easy navigation; and comprehensive content, rationally indexed. The prevailing philosophy on the site is expressed in a single word: simplicity.

Here’s Refdesk’s vision statement:

Refdesk is not about revenue. Refdesk is not about traffic. Refdesk is not about promotional vehicles or any form of commercialism. Refdesk is only about indexing quality Internet sites and assisting visitors in navigating these sites. At Refdesk, that is all that counts, and that is all that will ever count. Refdesk is free, family-friendly, and uses no pop-up/under ads. Avaritia facit Bardus—Greed makes you stupid.

Refdesk’s database is on three levels: quick, studied and deep. For thumbnail snapshots: FastFacts 2001, Quick Reference / Research, and Facts Subject Index. For a more studied approach: Newspapers—USA & Worldwide, Search Engine Resources, Internet Help, and Writing Web Documents. For an in-depth exploration: Facts Encyclopedia with over 70 volumes of indexed subjects and Facts Subject Index with 24 subject categories. And, since the vast majority of Internet users prefer “surfing” from one site to another, Refdesk presents: Daily Almanac, Indispensable Links, Weather Links, Fast Facts 2001, Select Sites of the Day, Best of the Net, and Windows Operating Systems Resources. For those seeking fun and diversion: Fun Stuff, Free Stuff, My Download Page, and Devices and Gadgets on the Net.

For an overview of Refdesk’s content and organization, start with Welcome to Refdesk and Site Map: